Shin splints is a term given to a collective group of conditions causing pain on and along the front or inside of the tibia (shin bone). These conditions range from simple muscle overuse to acute compartment syndrome requiring emergency treatment.
There are many causes of ‘shin splints’ and it is essential that you are assessed properly. Training intensity and frequency are important factors in the initial development of shin splints, with foot function problems, impact forces and poor footwear choices all contributing to shin pain.
At Balance Podiatry our podiatrists examine each patient on the treadmill using video gait software to aid in the diagnosis of shin splints.
Shin Splints Assessment:
Our podiatrists will take a detailed history and provide a physical assessment of your symptoms. Shin splints can be caused from muscle overuse due to abnormal foot biomechanics and poor running technique. Our podiatrists will film you walking and running and perform a biomechanical examination of every aspect of your foot function. We will go through the video with you and explain why you have developed shin splints.
It is important to assess the biomechanics of the lower limb and foot to determine any factors that may predispose you to poor shock absorption or musculature imbalance.
Shin Splints Treatment:
Treatment will depend on the diagnosis and cause of symptoms. Often our podiatrists will recommend rest and adapting your training program. We will address footwear issues and may recommend orthotics for biomechanical problems. Often an integrated treatment approach with other health professionals is required. Balance Podiatry’s custom made orthotics are made from soft EVA rubber providing both shock attenuation and control of abnormal foot motion/forces.
Other treatments may include:
- Appropriate stretches
- Footwear advice
- Soft full-length CAD/CAM orthotics
- advise on activities and training program
Initial treatment for shin splints can include:
- Ice the affected area for 10 – 20 minutes, 3 to 4 times a day
- Take anti-inflammatory painkillers, such as aspirin or ibuprofen.